News Release on Microbiology Research: August – 2018

Discovery Opens Up New Areas Of Microbiology, Evolutionary Biology

A team of researchers semiconductor diode by Virginia technical school and University of Calif., Berkeley, scientists has discovered that a regulative method that activateschemical process in plants at break of the day probably developed on Earth in ancient microbes a pair of.5 billion years agone, long before O became out there.
The analysis opens new scientific areas within the fields of biological process biology and biology. The work conjointly has broad social implications because it permitsscientists to raised perceive the assembly of fossil fuel, and it sheds light-weight on temperature change, agriculture, and human health.
“By gazing this one mechanism that wasn’t antecedently studied, we’ll be ready to develop new basic data that doubtless has broad impact on up to date problems starting from temperature change to fleshiness,” same Biswarup Mukhopadhyay, professor of organic chemistry at the Virginia technical school faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences, one amongst the lead authors of the study. he’s conjointly associate adjunct professor at the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute. Plant and microorganism University of Calif., Berkeley biology prof emeritusBob B. Buchanan co-led the analysis and co-authored the paper. [1]

The synthesis of novel chromogenic enzyme substrates for detection of bacterial glycosidases and their applications in diagnostic microbiology

The preparation and analysis of chromogenic substrates for sleuthing microorganism glycosidase enzymes is according. These substrates ar monoglycoside derivatives of the metal chelators catechol, 2,3-dihydroxynaphthalene (DHN) and vi,7-dibromo-2,3-dihydroxynaphthalene (6,7-dibromo-DHN). once hydrolysed by applicable microorganismenzymes these substrates created colored chelates within the presence of ammonium ion iron(III) turn, so facultative microorganism detection. [2]

Predictive Microbiology on Seafood Safety

Seafood is one amongst the foremost decayable and conjointly incorporates a high risk of food-borne diseases because of consumption by raw and/or token process. several efforts are conducted in making certain microbiological safety of food. Among the connected morbific microorganism to food, listeria has long been centered on dominant their behavior. [3]

Microbiology of Upper Respiratory Tract Pathogens in Cystic Fibrosis Patients

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is Associate in Nursing genetic inherited disorder with chronic metabolic process manifestations. The metabolic process symptoms might begin terriblyearly in life. The aim of this study was to guage the prevalence and antimicrobial status of metabolic process pathogens in youngsters with CF. during this clinical laboratory study, one hundred CF patients were prospectively collected from Gregorian calendar month 2016 to March 2017. Microbiological cultures and antimicrobial status tests of the foremost oftentimes isolated higher tract microorganism were performed. per the results of this study, cocci aureus was the foremost frequent being twenty four (24%) in CF patients followed by genus Pseudomonas aeruginosa twenty one (21%). In youngsters younger than one-year-old, Enterococci and enteric bacteria respiratory diseasewere the foremost oftentimes isolated pathogens. In different age teams, cocci aureus and genus Pseudomonas aeroginosa were most frequent. [4]

Assessment of Microbiological Quality of Yogurt Sold By Street Vendors in Onitsha Metropolis, Anambra State, Nigeri

Four brands of yoghurt sold-out by street vendors in Onitsha Metropolis, Anambra State, japanese Nigeriia were sampled, the hydrogen ion concentration made up our mindsand microbiological assessments were conducted so as to determine the entire heterotrophic microorganism, coliforms and yeast within the samples (A – D) throughout a seven day amount. The results disclosed that values of hydrogen ion concentration monitored varied from three.69 – 4.50 whereas a complete of 5 species happiness to E. coli, staph aureus, true bacteria, eubacteria and true bacteria species, and 3 fungi species happiness to Aspergillus, mould and fungus genus were isolated from the samples. Sample B had the best mean heterotrophic microorganism count with a worth of six.1 x one05 cfu/ml. applied mathematics analysis of heterotrophic microorganism count among the four sample teams had p-value =0.0000374. there’s a big distinction within the heterotrophic microorganism count among the teams. Low concentration values of starter cultures were recorded within the management samples. E. coli, associate indicator of coliform was detected altogether the samples and also the worth of four.4 x one hundred and five cfu/ml was determined in sample B. Coliforms, S. aureus, true bacteria species and fungi weren’t detected from management samples purchased directly from the manufacturing firms. applied mathematics analysis of coliform count within the four teams had p-value=0.529296. [5]

Reference

[1] Discovery Opens Up New Areas Of Microbiology, Evolutionary Biology

(web link)

[2] The synthesis of novel chromogenic enzyme substrates for detection of bacterial glycosidases and their applications in diagnostic microbiology

Burton M, Perry JD, Stanforth SP, Turner HJ. The synthesis of novel chromogenic enzyme substrates for detection of bacterial glycosidases and their applications in diagnostic microbiology. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry. 2018 Aug 17. (web link)

[3] Predictive Microbiology on Seafood Safety

Koseki S. Predictive Microbiology on Seafood Safety. InSeafood Safety and Quality 2018 Aug 6 (pp. 144-153). CRC Press. (web link)

[4] Microbiology of Upper Respiratory Tract Pathogens in Cystic Fibrosis Patients

Sharifi MN, Kianifar HR, Bagheri S, Sayedi SJ. Microbiology of Upper Respiratory Tract Pathogens in Cystic Fibrosis Patients. Acta Medica Iranica. 2018 Aug 13;56(7):450-6. (web link)

[5] Assessment of Microbiological Quality of Yogurt Sold By Street Vendors in Onitsha Metropolis, Anambra State, Nigeri

V. O. Ifeanyi1*, E. O. Ihesiaba1, O. M. Muomaife1 and C. Ikenga1

1Department of Microbiology, Anambra State University, Anambra State, Nigeria. (web link)

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