Latest Research News on Capital Territory: Jan – 2020

The life history of Codling Moth, Cydia pomonella (L) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), in the Australian Capital Territory.

The life habits of codlin moth within the Canberra Territory are described, and therefore the ecological characteristics of the species and its environment are defined. within the Capital Territory, codlin moth produces an entire first generation, a partial second generation, and a few third generation individuals each summer. On a mean , females lay between 40 and 50 eggs altogether generations, but fecundity varies much between individuals. The observed distribution pattern of eggs and larval injuries to fruit suggest that oviposition occurs predominantly on trees at, or near, sources of females. In uniformly infested, homogeneous orchards, egg and damage distribution are almost random between trees. No significant departure from randomness was detected either between fruits, or between locations within trees. Fruits are often penetrated by quite one larva, either simultaneously or in succession, and competition occurs. [1]

A computer model of succession and fire response of the high‐altitude Eucalyptus forest of the Brindabella Range, Australian Capital Territory

The BRIND model, a computer model of the high altitude forests within the Brindabella Range near Canberra (Australian Capital Territory), is documented and therefore the results of a series of tests on the model are provided. The BRIND model simulates a 1/12 ha forest stand by computing the expansion of every individual tree within the stand. It considers establishment and death of trees on a tree‐by‐tree basis using stochastic functions. The model also simulates the consequences of prescribed fire and wildfire on the forests. The model presently is restricted to southeasterly facing slopes (moist, sheltered situations) above 850 m in altitude. [2]

Spatial Variability of Groundwater Depth and Quality Parameters in the National Capital Territory of Delhi

The groundwater quantity and quality scenario is of much concern within the capital Territory of Delhi, India, which necessitates an investigation to envisage the extent of spatial variability of groundwater depth and pollutant concentration levels during this region. Therefore, during this study, an attempt was made to get the spatial variability map of groundwater depth and quality parameters (viz. chloride, electrical conductivity, fluoride, magnesium, and nitrate). Ordinary kriging was wont to analyze the spatial variability of groundwater depth and quality parameters, whereas indicator kriging was wont to analyze groundwater quality parameters adequate to or greater than the pollution threshold values. [3]

The implementation of newborn screening for spinal muscular atrophy: the Australian experience

Purpose: to guage the implementation of the primary statewide newborn screening (NBS) program for spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) in Australia. Processes that hinder and support clinical development, translation, and sustainability of the primary primary screening program in Australia are appraised.

Methods: The study prospectively describes the course (timelines, health processes, and preliminary clinical outcomes) for SMA screen-positive newborns from 1 August 2018 to 31 July 2019 in New South Wales and Canberra Territory, Australia. [4]

Role of Entrepreneurial Orientation in the Performance of Small and Medium Enterprises: Evidence from Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria

This study investigated the role of entrepreneurial orientation within the performance of Small and Medium Enterprises in FCT, Abuja, Nigeria. The study employed a descriptive and quantitative research design. The instrument for data collection was structured questionnaire and works on entrepreneurial orientation-Performance nexus. the info was analyzed using the Principal Component Analysis and multiple rectilinear regression analysis. The results showed that five entrepreneurial orientation dimensions as identified within the literature weren’t exhibited by SMEs within the study area. The entrepreneurial orientation dimensions exhibited by SMEs in Abuja so as of importance were: autonomy, proactiveness, innovativeness, and risk-taking. The entrepreneurial dimension of competitive aggressiveness wasn’t demonstrated by SMEs in Abuja. [5]

Reference

[1] Geier, P.W., 1963. The life history of Codling Moth, Cydia pomonella (L)(Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), in the Australian Capital Territory. Australian Journal of Zoology, 11(3), (Web Link)

[2] Shugart Jr, H.H. and Noble, I.R., 1981. A computer model of succession and fire response of the high‐altitude Eucalyptus forest of the Brindabella Range, Australian Capital Territory. Australian Journal of Ecology, 6(2), (Web Link)

[3] Dash, J.P., Sarangi, A. and Singh, D.K., 2010. Spatial variability of groundwater depth and quality parameters in the national capital territory of Delhi. Environmental Management, 45(3), (Web Link)

[4] The implementation of newborn screening for spinal muscular atrophy: the Australian experience
Didu S. T. Kariyawasam MA, MBBS, Jacqueline S. Russell BSc, MN, Veronica Wiley PhD, Ian E. Alexander MBBS, PhD & Michelle A. Farrar MBBS, PhD
Genetics in Medicine (2019) (Web Link)

[5] U. Duru, I., O. Ehidiamhen, P. and N. J. Chijioke, A. (2018) “Role of Entrepreneurial Orientation in the Performance of Small and Medium Enterprises: Evidence from Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria”, Asian Journal of Economics, Business and Accounting, 6(1), (Web Link)

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