Latest News on Agricultural Technology Research: Jan – 2020

Farmer-back-to-farmer: A model for generating acceptable agricultural technology

Based on interdisciplinary post-harvest team∗ research experience† at the International Potato Center (CIP), this paper presents a model that outlines an alternate approach to solving farm-level technological problems. The model stresses that applied research must begin and end with the farmer. A series of logical activities addressing specific goals are discussed and illustrated. [1]

The Structure of U.S. Agricultural Technology, 1910–78

This paper utilizes 1910–78 time-series data and one product aggregate translog profit function to live the structure of U.S. agricultural technology. Duality relations are wont to devise a multifactor measure of biased technical change. A measure of nonhomotheticity is introduced which indicates the consequences scale change has had on aggregate cost shares. The empirical analysis finds that different, nonhomothetic technologies characterized the prewar and postwar periods. Differing technical change biases are according to relative price trends during the 2 periods, showing that the long-run structure of U.S. agricultural technology has been according to the Hayami-Ruttan induced innovation theory. [2]

Farmers’ perceptions and adoption of new agricultural technology: evidence from analysis in Burkina Faso and Guinea, West Africa

Economists investigating consumer demand have accumulated considerable evidence showing that buyers generally have subjective preferences for characteristics of products which their demand for products is significantly suffering from their perceptions of the product’s attributes. However, the role of farmers’ preferences in adoption decisions have received very limited attention in adoption studies conducted by economists. This paper tests the hypothesis that farmers’ perceptions of technology characteristics significantly affect their adoption decisions. The analysis, conducted with Tobit models of recent sorghum and rice varietal technologies in Burkina Faso and Guinea, respectively, strongly supports this hypothesis. [3]

The development of ancient Chinese agricultural and water technology from 8000 BC to 1911 AD

Technology developments have made significant impacts on both humans and therefore the environment during which they live. However, there’s limited whole-of-system understanding of ancient technology development. This paper aims to uncover the evolutionary pattern of the traditional Chinese agricultural technology system that focused ashore and water mobilisations from 8000 BC to 1911 AD. Our findings show that agricultural technology in China transitioned through a particularly slow, S-shaped pathway, increasing only ten fold in over 8000 years. The technology system was initially driven by tangible tools (40% of growth), then by technological theories and practices that contributed quite 50% of growth. [4]

Constraints Faced by Agricultural Technology Management Agency Extension Functionaries of Assam, India and Their Suggestions to Overcome Them

Agricultural Technology Management Agency (ATMA) extension functionaries are authorized personnel, who help the farmers by transferring technology from research station to them. But during technology dissemination, they need to face tons of difficulties. Therefore, this study was conducted in Assam to enumerate the constraints faced by the functionaries and also tried to pool out the probable suggestions as opined by the respondents themselves. Personal interview method was wont to collect the info from 120 respondents and appropriate statistical measures like frequency, percentage were applied to analyse the info. [5]

Reference

[1] Rhoades, R.E. and Booth, R.H., 1982. Farmer-back-to-farmer: a model for generating acceptable agricultural technology. Agricultural administration, 11(2), (Web Link)

[2] Antle, J.M., 1984. The structure of US agricultural technology, 1910–78. American journal of agricultural economics, 66(4), (Web Link)

[3] Adesina, A.A. and Baidu-Forson, J., 1995. Farmers’ perceptions and adoption of new agricultural technology: evidence from analysis in Burkina Faso and Guinea, West Africa. Agricultural economics, 13(1), (Web Link)

[4] The development of ancient Chinese agricultural and water technology from 8000 BC to 1911 AD
Shuanglei Wu, Yongping Wei, Brian Head, Yan Zhao & Scott Hanna
Palgrave Communications volume 5, (Web Link)

[5] Das, P. and Borua, S. (2017) “Constraints Faced by Agricultural Technology Management Agency Extension Functionaries of Assam, India and Their Suggestions to Overcome Them”, Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 17(1), (Web Link)

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