Latest Research News on Livelihood Security: Feb – 2020

The importance of non-timber forest products in rural livelihood security and as safety nets : a review of evidence from South Africa

We review and synthesize recent South Africa n work that examines the role and importance of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) within the daily lives of rural people in South Africa. the foremost commonly used such products are wild spinaches, fuelwood, wooden utensils edible fruits, grass hand-brushes, and twig hand-brushes, employed by 85% or more of households. quite half the households investigated also make use of edible insects, wood for construction, bushmeat, wild honey and reeds for weaving. Individual households may exploit dozens of animal and plant species. The home in annual, direct-use values is large, from but R1000 per household per annum to over R12 000. the worth to rural households is manifest through a daily net function which represents a price saving to the families involved and to the state, also as through an emergency net, which is an insurance in times of misfortune, like drought, disease, and unexpected economic hardship. [1]

Measuring Household Livelihood Security at the Family and Community Level in the Developing World

This paper highlights one among the recent attempts to live progress at the family and community level—the household livelihood security approach. the target of this approach and an experimental household livelihood security index isn’t national or maybe large-scale subnational crosscomparison. Instead, it’s a participatory, rapid community assessment technique that helps to spot the constraints to peoples’ well-being. Its use is to assist communities and their partners develop a profile of those constraints and to debate and style effective programs to beat the barriers to raised health, nutrition, housing, education, and livelihood security. This paper addresses the subsequent themes: (a) introduction, (b) a quick progress measurement history, (c) the household livelihood security approach, (d) the household livelihood security index, (e) how the index is employed , (f) future issues, problems and prospects, and (g) conclusions. [2]

Crop diversity and livelihood security in the andes

Andean farmers have traditionally adapted and selected sorts of quinoa and potatoes to scale back their vulnerability to a variety of environmental risks. Data suggest that this strategy is being undermined. Market pressures, particularly the wants for consistency and quantity along side the import of subsidised wheat products, are resulting in the displacement of quinoa and indigenous potato varieties. This paper explores the feasibility of maintaining crop diversity while ensuring that farmers enjoy market opportunities. For potato, the foremost promising approach is one among ‘conservation through use’, whereby development practitioners identify market niches for local instead of cosmopolitan varieties. Meanwhile, quinoa production and consumption has been enhanced by government-sponsored initiatives that use quinoa in food-support programmes. [3]

Farmer typology to understand differentiated climate change adaptation in Himalaya

Smallholder farmers’ responses to the climate-induced agricultural changes aren’t uniform but rather diverse, as response adaptation strategies are embedded within the heterogonous agronomic, social, economic, and institutional conditions. there’s an urgent got to understand the range within the farming households, identify the most drivers and understand its relationship with household adaptation strategies. Typology construction provides an efficient method to know farmer diversity by delineating groups with common characteristics. within the present study, based within the Uttarakhand state of Indian Western Himalayas, five farmer types were identified on the idea of resource endowment and agriculture orientation characteristics. correlational analysis followed by sequential agglomerative hierarchial and K-means clustering was use to delineate farmer types. [4]

Livelihood Security of Tribal Farmers in Adilabad District through Goat Farming

To create subsidiary income and employment to small and marginal tribal farmers of Adilabad district, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Adilabad introduced Goat farming as a livelihood opportunity to the tribal farmers. Under the Goat farming 40 tribal farmers were selected from 8 adopted villages of KVK, Adilabad by Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) techniques. Every farmer was given 2 goats with a worth of Rs. 8000 and few supplementary medicines and vacancies were also supplied. internet value created under goat farming in 4 years from 2013 to 2017 is Rs. 20, 75,000 and therefore the number of goats is 415. it’s also found suitable from the purpose of employment generation per unit utilization of resources. Further, it also created regular subsidiary income, goat milk for family consumption and farm yard manure for soil fertility. [5]

Reference

[1] Shackleton, C. and Shackleton, S., 2004. The importance of non-timber forest products in rural livelihood security and as safety nets: a review of evidence from South Africa. South African Journal of Science, 100(11), (Web Link)

[2] Lindenberg, M., 2002. Measuring household livelihood security at the family and community level in the developing world. World development, 30(2), (Web Link)

[3] Hellin, J. and Higman, S., 2005. Crop diversity and livelihood security in the Andes. Development in Practice, 15(2), (Web Link)

[4] Farmer typology to understand differentiated climate change adaptation in Himalaya
Roopam Shukla, Ankit Agarwal, Christoph Gornott, Kamna Sachdeva & P. K. Joshi
Scientific Reports volume 9, (Web Link)

[5] Kumar, Y. P., Poshadri, A., Palthiya, R., Charan, G. S. and Pavan, K. (2018) “Livelihood Security of Tribal Farmers in Adilabad District through Goat Farming”, Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 23(4), (Web Link)

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