Latest Research on Anatomy : feb – 2020

Anatomy of fishes

For this second, considerably enlarged edition, the statements made concerning the previous edition are without reservations still valid. The literature in the field of fish anatomy and morphology has grown enormously since this book first appeard (1964), as can be seen from the much larger bibliography in the present volume. Since this “Fish anatomy”, unlike the previous version, does not form a part of the “Handbook of the Inland Fishery of Middle Europe”, it was necessary to devote more attention to non-European and marine species, and in addition, our knowledge of the structure of the fish body and its function has greatly increased in the last decade. I could not include all details, not even all those which have been published, since it is inevitable that I have missed some of the literature. Nevertheless I have made an effort to depict all of the information discussed here as correctly as possible. I hope that I have mentioned the majority of the technical terms concerning fish anatomy (but I prefer not to define “majority”.  [1]

Normal Bone Anatomy and Physiology

This review describes normal bone anatomy and physiology as an introduction to the subsequent articles in this section that discuss clinical applications of iliac crest bone biopsy. The normal anatomy and functions of the skeleton are reviewed first, followed by a general description of the processes of bone modeling and remodeling. [2]

The functional anatomy of basal ganglia disorders

Basal ganglia disorders are a heterogeneous group of clinical syndromes with a common anatomic locus within the basal ganglia. To account for the variety of clinical manifestations associated with insults to various parts of the basal ganglia we propose a model in which specific types of basal ganglia disorders are associated with changes in the function of subpopulations of striatal projection neurons. [3]

Anatomy: A Chronological Review of the Evolution of Context and Content

Anatomy as a subject is an ancient medical science. The early practitioners of Anatomy were morphological explorers and observers. Anatomy was one of the earliest sciences that marked the transition of logical reasoning from philosophy to science. This is why it is appropriate to describe the early scientists as both philosophers and scientists. [4]

Curvature-based Penalty for Anatomical and Functional MR Human Spine Image Registration

This  paper  describes  an  application  of  image  registration.  The  method  is  based  on  an  efficient  implementation of the curvature registration. This nonrigid registration allows us to find best geometric  correspondence  between two images.The  goal is to  register anatomical and  functional spine images  of  the same patient to localize functionality in anatomical images. Most of previous experiments have been  tested on brain images and it is the first time that the variational method has been used to register spine  images.  Registration  results  are  compared  with  those  of  MIRT  toolbox  using  two  kinds  of  similarity  measures; mutual information  (MI) and correlation  ratio  (CR). MIRT is a Matlab software package  for  2D and 3D nonrigid image registration. The model of transformation is parametric and based on B spline  method.  Superior results have been achieved compared to the results of MIRT. [5]

Reference

[1] Harder, W. and Sokoloff, S., 1976. Anatomy of fishes.

[2] Clarke, B., 2008. Normal bone anatomy and physiology. Clinical journal of the American Society of Nephrology3(Supplement 3), pp.S131-S139.

[3] Albin, R.L., Young, A.B. and Penney, J.B., 1989. The functional anatomy of basal ganglia disorders.

[4] Owolabi, J.O., Ogunnaike, P.O. and Tijani, A.A., 2017. Anatomy: A Chronological Review of the Evolution of Context and Content. Asian Journal of Medicine and Health, pp.1-13.

[5] Sabaghian, S., Soryani, M., Oghabian, M.A. and Batoli, A.H., 2016. Curvature-based Penalty for Anatomical and Functional MR Human Spine Image Registration. Journal of Advances in Mathematics and Computer Science, pp.1-12.

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