Studies on the Characterisation, Phytochemical and Functional Groups Assay of a Tropical Timber (Bombax brevicuspe) Stem

For thermal and physico-chemical processes, the clarification of Bombax brevicuspe wood was analysed. The results obtained were as follows: afterglow time 253.67 sec, flame length 113.33 sec, flame propagation rate 20.3×10-2cm.s-1, ignition time 2.33 sec, thermal conductivity 51.34x102Umoh / cm, electrical conductivity 5.3×10-3Sm-1, ash content 3.4 percent, moisture content 29.97 percent, dry density 22.3×10-2, water imbibitions (at different time intervals: 30 minutes 46.6 percent 5h, moisture content 3.4 percent, moisture content 29.97 percent, oven dry density 22.3×10-2, water imbibitions) Phytochemical screening showed the existence of all secondary metabolites studied, except steroids, which showed their therapeutic ability. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) and Ultraviolet ( UV) spectra indicated that 1,2,3-trisubstituted aromatic compound with attached C = O, O-H and C = N groups may be the active compound The study of chemical components indicated the presence of 43 percent cellulose, 20 percent hemicellulose, 29 percent lignin and other components in their proper proportion. Bombax brevicuspe wood could be used from the findings for different construction purposes, and due to the existence of secondary metabolites, it also presents some medicinal potential.

Author (s) Details

Dr. I. P. Udeozo
Department of Chemistry, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu State, Nigeria.

Dr. C. M. Ejikeme
Department of Chemical Science, Godfrey Okoye University, Enugu, Enugu State, Nigeria.

Prof. A. N. Eboatu
Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria.

H. I. Kelle
Chemistry Unit, National Open University of Nigeria, Victoria Island, Lagos, Nigeria.

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