The Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is evolving today to be a highly promising technology to be used in the future. Different energy-efficient routing protocols have been designed and further developed for the WSNs in order to facilitate the transmission of data to their respective destinations. The various clustering techniques are commonly perused by various researchers to increase their scalability goals and also their lifetime. Many protocols have been used to create a hierarchical structure to minimise the expense of the route at the time of development. To make some connection to the base station. This work effectively increases the energy lifetime and reliability of the network within the clustering protocols for which many protocols have been proposed. The Bat Algorithm (BA), the Bat algorithm, mutation, and the Genetic Algorithm are discussed (GA). This BAT algorithm has search capabilities to solve engineering problems for different applications. Viability has been found for the mutated BAT algorithms Observed in several tasks that were proven and shown by the empirical findings, thereby making the proposed method perform better compared to all schemes. The average packet delivery ratio of mutated BAT is 15.72 percent and 4.72 percent higher than GA and BAT respectively at the number of nodes 300. The average packet delivery ratio of mutated BAT is increased by 25.79 percent and 4.45 percent respectively by the number of nodes 1200 compared to GA and BAT. The average packet delivery ratio of mutated BAT is increased by 23.61 percent at the number of nodes 1800 and by 4.14 percent as compared to GA and BAT respectively.
Author (s) Details
Mr. M. S. Maharajan
Department of CSE, GRT Institute of Engineering and Technology, Tiruttani, Thiruvallur, India.
Dr. T. Abirami
Department of IT, Kongu Engineering College, Erode, India. Marcus Adebola Eleruja
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