Due to their enormous number of uses, synthesis and characterisation of metal particles in the nano-range are of great concern. Magnetite nanoparticles have recently attracted the attention of researchers due to the use of magnetic, electrical and optical properties in certain particular applications. Therefore it is important to analyse the different methods and mechanisms for the growth of magnetite nanoparticles, as the physical and chemical properties depend on the growth mechanism of the nanoparticles. This first part of this chapter deals with the processing by various methods of magnetite particles, such as sol-gel, hydrothermal, thermal decomposition, microemulsion, System of co-precipitation and co-precipitation, along with a summary of the pros and cons. The second half of this chapter discusses the study of physical and chemical properties in order to examine the applications of synthesised magnetite nanoparticles in different fields. This can be done by a systematic and detailed analysis of various function techniques. The techniques of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) are studied in depth for this X-ray diffraction (XRD).
Author (s) Details
Department of Physics, BMU, Asthal Bohar, Rohtak- 124021, India.
Dr. Heena Dahiya
Department of Chemistry, Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram University of Science and Technology, Murthal (Sonepat)-131 039, Haryana, India.
Dr. Surender Duhan
Department of Physics, Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram University of Science and Technology, Murthal (Sonepat)-131 039, Haryana, India.
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