Medicinal features have been related for thousands of years to many species. The extracts of plants are commonly marketed as dietary supplements or tonics and advertised as health-beneficial. In order to evaluate the biochemical evidence for their therapeutic use as medicinal plants used in Nigeria, the lipid composition of these plants, Portulaca oleracea and Ficus thonningi, were analysed after extraction. P. oleracea lipids and F. Thonningi were extracted using chloroform and methanol (2:1), purified using Folch wash, and analysed to distinguish neutral and polar lipids and the different lipid groups using thin layer chromatography (TLC) and column chromatography. The percentage composition of the different fractions of lipids was determined. The TLC outcome showed some neutral lipids, linoleic acid (66.7%) and triolene (26.7%) in P. oleracea and triolene (70%) in F. Linolenic acid (50 percent), oleic acid (35 percent), phospholipids (5 percent) and diacylglycerol in P. olerecea thus in F. Thonnningi and polar lipids: They were triolene (70%), triglycerol (30%), phosphatidate (26.7%), phospholipid (13.3%), diacylglycerol (30%) (10 percent ). P. oleracea’s overall lipid is 35 percent, and F. Thonningi stands at 30 percent. The biochemical evidence for the therapeutic use of purslane as a medicinal plant contains omega-3 fatty acids (50 percent) as well as omega-6 fatty acids (66.7 percent). The use of P. oleracea and F is encouraged by this work. As medicinal plants to combat the occurrence of CHD and to treat patients with risk factors for CHD, and to improve overall body health due to their ability to lower cholesterol levels, lower blood pressure is also due to their therapeutic and pharmacological properties.
Ochulayi P. Ora
Department of Biochemistry, National Research Institute for Chemical Technology, Zaria, Nigeria.
G. E. Anekwe
Department of Biochemistry, University of Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria.
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