Rural Youth and their Opportunities for Employment in Agri-Allied Sector: A Case of Bargarh District in Odisha

There has been a great deal of discussion in recent times about employment and its possibilities. With more reverse migrations happening on a daily basis and a shortage of job opportunities for rural youth, there has been growing concern about and participation of entrepreneurial activities for rural youth. The opportunities and options available, however, play a major role for any agri-allied start-up. Therefore, a study was carried out on the livelihood opportunities available in the Bargarh district of Odisha in the agri-allied sector and to examine the constraints faced by the respondents therein. The study results showed that the majority of respondents were interested (mean score=1.30) were engaged In the vegetable vending industry, where it was least favoured as an oil extraction machine (mean score= 1.03). Dairy unit (mean score=1.19) was favoured over others in animal husbandry-based inventories, participation in forestry-based inventories showed Mahua flower/fruit selection (mean score=1.09) was ranked fifth, whereas Lac cultivation and processing was ranked fourth (mean score=1.02). Major findings revealed that access to agricultural implements and equipment at low prices, followed by the availability of agricultural credit at the right time, correspondence of correct information at the right time by extension officers, execution of extension activities, etc., were sufficient to resolve the constraints. Kisan mela, demonstration, show, training, visits, training requirements for improved poultry farming, fish farming and livestock management, crop insurance facilitation, recommended timely information on seeds and fertilisers, low-priced herbicides and pesticides and irrigation facility provision, respectively. The study suggests that encouragement is mainly required for the successful participation of rural youth in indigenous entrepreneurial activities, along with proper training and self-orientation. Programmes for jobs. It is important to recognise that rural youth need to be inspired and educated and, in addition, to be made aware of their livelihood opportunities. Proper training and advice on self-employment programmes is therefore required. Rural youths can use the Odisha Youth Innovation Fund (OYIF) to set up new businesses with government support.

Author (s) Details

Dwity Sundar Rout
Department of Agricultural Extension, M. S. Swaminathan School of Agriculture, Centurion University of Technology and Management, Odisha, India.

Dr. Bishnupriya Mishra
Department of Agricultural Extension, College of Agriculture, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Avisweta Nandy
Department of Agricultural Economics, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Suvangi Rath
Department of Agricultural Economics, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

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