Impact of Organic Farming on Agronomic Crops Productivity, Grain Quality and Antioxidant Activity

The purpose of the study is to understand the effect of chemical or organic fertilizer mechanisms on the physicochemical properties of rice grain, starch pasting properties and antioxidant characteristics. In the same way, the development improvements in the finger millet crop are brought on by some of the indigenous liquid organic manure. For rice, a 2-year study was conducted on common Japonica cultivars, i.e., Kaohsiung No. 139 and Taikeng No.16, which were grown in Taiwan twice a year. The findings highlighted that environmental influences had the least effect on physicochemical properties and showed that they were genetically inherited. In organic farming, major pasting characteristics such as peak viscosity, setback value and pasting temperature improved, but no significant changes except aroma in rice were recorded in further analysis of eating and cooking quality. Increased accumulation of secondary metabolites (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), flavonoid content, and ferrous chelating capacity) has been shown to be better for organically grown rice. In short, organics played a role in modifying certain metabolic conditions in grains, but in agronomic practices in rice, genetic characteristics and climate have a major influence with least variation. Compared with other organic sources, the role of chemical fertilizer in finger millet performance was high.

Author (s) Details

Dr. Amit Kesarwani
Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar -263145, India.

Sweta Shikta Mahapatra
Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar -263145, India.

Professor (Dr.) Shih Shiung Chen
Department of Natural Biotechnology, Nanhua University, Chiayi, Taiwan – 62249, R.O.C.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/NICST-V4/issue/view/13

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