Assessment and Analysis of Pond Fisheries in Climate Change Scenario in the Haor Region of Bangladesh

Aims: As the monsoon rains taper off, water from the hair recedes, providing fresh nutrient rich lands for seasonal cultivation like aquaculture. Identify the future environmental effects and the effect of climate change on pond fisheries in the haor area and the impact of invasive species through aquaculture on native and natural species.

Study Design: An investigation into the effects of the approach to pond fisheries to decide if the approach is effective with respect to the impacts of climate change on the haor region.

Place and duration of the study: The sites of the study are located for a period of one year in five haor districts in Bangladesh (May 2018 to April 2019) covering the working area of HILIP.

Methodology: The report involves both quantitative and qualitative data collecting and review. 92 sample households in 58 unions of 28 upazilas (sub-districts) in five project districts were chosen randomly for a quantitative analysis. Fish capture data was collected from perennial and seasonal ponds, including information on species composition, development and sales. This paper used qualitative primary data gathered through in-depth interviews, main informant interviews, and focus group discussions.

Results: In perennial ponds, fish production was found to be greater, but not significantly higher than that in seasonal ponds. Biodiversity in seasonal ponds, however, has been found to be higher and greater than that in perennial ponds. The results clearly support the observation that pond fish culture is an attractive activity for haor individuals, especially those who can operate both perennial and seasonal ponds and handle minimum feeding requirements, sustain them, and effectively market the outputs. The present study fills gaps in established knowledge of the diffusion of fish pond culture in Bangladesh’s haor area.

Conclusions: pond fisheries tend to perform better, so that the development of aquaculture will offset some of the lost catch fisheries in Bangladesh’s haor region. Established cultural practices could encourage innovation and learning in the field of haor under future initiatives. In the haor field, pond fishery mainly has an income-generating aspect and is less likely to be affected by the impacts of climate change. Future programs, however, should prioritize the farming of fish with the ability to balance the ecosystem of haor. The approach should be applied beyond the areas of research and implemented as a key strategy for the production of Bangladesh’s hair fisheries resources.

Author (s) Details

Md. Golam Mustafa
Center for Resource Development Studies Ltd., 13C/8C Babar Road, Block B, Mohammadpur, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh.

Gopal Chandra Sarker
Haor Infrastructure and Livelihood Improvement Project (HILIP), Department of Local Government and Engineering, LGED Bhaban, Agargaon, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh.

Shariff N. Anwar
Center for Resource Development Studies Ltd., 13C/8C Babar Road, Block B, Mohammadpur, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh.

Md. Ahsanuzzaman
Haor Infrastructure and Livelihood Improvement Project (HILIP), Department of Local Government and Engineering, LGED Bhaban, Agargaon, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh.

Sadequr Rahman
Haor Infrastructure and Livelihood Improvement Project (HILIP), Department of Local Government and Engineering, LGED Bhaban, Agargaon, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh.

S. A. Azher
Haor Infrastructure and Livelihood Improvement Project (HILIP), Department of Local Government and Engineering, LGED Bhaban, Agargaon, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh.

Rathi Mahamud Morshed
Center for Resource Development Studies Ltd., 13C/8C Babar Road, Block B, Mohammadpur, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/NICST-V5/issue/view/22

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