A Detailed Experimental Research on the Water Repellency Property of Beeswax Treated and Bacterial Cellulosic Material

Even in the medical sector, global and environmental challenges have prompted developers to re-direct their efforts to bio-based resources in recent years. In this context, bacterial cellulose-based materials are an emerging field of study due to their possible medical application in the field of wound healing. On the other hand, there are a variety of natural antiseptic materials available, including Beeswax, a well-known material that meets the criteria for the development of a medical textile material for wound healing. Beeswax is a natural animal wax that, in addition to being biocompatible, has a variety of properties. To remove the surface roughness, beeswax, an excellent emulsion stabiliser and water-repellent enhancer, is coated over the textile fabrics. The chemical composition of beeswax varies depending on where it is made. In textile fabrics, beeswax improves water repellency and emulsifies insoluble particles. Beeswax contains a significant amount of vitamin A, which is required for human cell growth. Nata de Coco is the most common form of bacterial cellulose used in the production of nata. Nata de Coco and Nata de Pina are the fermentation products of the bacteria Acetobacter xylinium, and their flavours are dominated by the coconut water and pineapple cultures, respectively. Nata de Coco is a groundbreaking application in the treatment of second-degree burn wounds. The superficial water-repellency of beeswax coated fabrics and the artificially engineered bacterial cellulose content called Nata de Coco is being compared in this research, which will help to advance the development process. This provides a solid foundation for the growth of a variety of biomaterials.

Author (s) Details

V. Muthukumaran
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore, TN, India.

S. Pavithra
Anna Uiversity, Coimbatore, TN, India.

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