Climate Change: Assessing the Vulnerability of the Niger Delta Region, in Nigeria

Climate change encompasses both the global warming phenomenon and the subsequent large-scale shift in weather patterns, both of which are fueled by greenhouse-emitting anthropogenic activities. Climate change is not only a global threat, but also a public health emergency unlike any other. Global warming, increased precipitation frequency and severity, devastating wind storms, and severe weather events, such as heat waves, flooding disasters, and extended droughts, have all been linked to climate change. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has mandated that member countries enter into abatement arrangements to curb greenhouse gas emissions, based on the precautionary principle and the principle of cost and obligation. The mega-deltas of Africa and Asia are the most vulnerable regions in the world to the harmful effects of climate change, due to high exposure to sea level rise, storm surges, coastal erosion, and river flooding, exacerbated by rising human-induced pressures on coastal areas. Oil spills, gas flaring, and environmental degradation have compounded the Niger Delta’s vulnerability. This chapter emphasises the Niger Delta’s vulnerability to the negative effects of climate change, as well as the importance of implementing mitigation and adaptation strategies as opportunities for the region’s economies to fully transform in line with long-term development goals (SDGs).

Author (s) Details

Stephena Udinmade Ighedosa
Department of Community Health, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria.

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