Even though it contains no calories or organic nutrients, nontoxic drinking water is essential for all life forms. Nontoxic water sources are becoming increasingly scarce, and contamination of these sources is increasing as a result of excessive extraction from available sources to meet rising water demand and the lack of sanitation infrastructure. In nearly every part of the world, approaches to nontoxic drinking water have improved in recent decades, but approximately one billion people still lack access to safe water, and over 2.5 billion lack access to adequate sanitation. Riverbank filtration is a natural water purification method that involves extracting river water from wells along the riverbank. The yield of a production well is compared to the flow of a river in this study. A pumping test was conducted to determine the yield of a production well in Somlapura, a small town on the banks of the Tungabhadra River in Karnataka, India. The river discharge received from the Water Commission Board was compared to the yield of the River bank well as measured by a water metre (Davangere). Even though the river flow fluctuates, the findings show that the well yield remains constant throughout the observation period. As a result, it is determined that the RBF well produces water at a rate of 330 litres per minute. The average amount of water produced by a well is 0.48 MLD (million litres per day). As a result, at this rate of production, it will be able to serve a population of 3,555 people with 135 LPCDs (liters per capita per day).
Author (s) Details
H. Vijaya Kumar
Department of Water Resource Management, VTU, Belagavi Karnataka, India.
Nagraj S. Pati
Department of Water and Land Management, VTU, Belagavi, Karnataka, India.
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