Fire Safety Management in a Typical Higher Institution in Nigeria

The focus of this research was to fill a gap in the literature on fire safety awareness and practise, as well as to consider human decisions and organisational failures that contribute to school fire disasters. The purpose of the study was to ascertain the level of fire safety awareness and implementation at the University of Port Harcourt. Secondary data was gathered from the University’s fire service unit to demonstrate the number of fires that occurred and the major causes of fire incidents. The main data was gathered using questionnaires distributed to 250 people, of whom 220 were returned, representing an 88 percent response rate. The first ten questions were designed as questionnaire parameters to determine the level of fire safety awareness among respondents at the University of Port Harcourt, while the second ten questions were designed to evaluate the University’s fire safety implementation/practice. Strongly agree (4), agree (3), disagree (2), and strongly disagree (2) are the four responses (1). The assessment of Kendall’s coefficient of concordance (w), that is, the degree of agreement among the respondents, aided data analysis. The respondents had an average level of consciousness and a low level of implementation/practice, according to the findings. Lack of knowledge of the emergency number to call in the event of a fire, lack of a fire safety policy, inadequate provision and inspection of firefighting equipment, lack of inspection and review of previous fire incidents, nonchalant attitude toward turning off electrical appliances after use, electrical installations/repair not being done properly. Kendall’s analysis found that the respondents had a high level of agreement on both fire safety awareness (0.78) and fire safety implementation/practice (0.90). To ensure the protection of lives, assets, the environment, and the institution’s reputation, the study proposes a fire safety organogram for delegation of responsibilities, basic fire safety training for staff and students, provision and inspection of fire prevention and protective procedures, and employment of qualified personnel to manage electrical works.

Author (s) Details

Brilliance O. Anyanwu
Centre for Occupational Health, Safety and Environment, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

Onyewuchi Akaranta
Centre for Occupational Health, Safety and Environment, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

Ify L. Nwaogazie
Centre for Occupational Health, Safety and Environment, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

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