Innovation Domains for Driving Transformation and Rural Development: The Case of Smallholder Dairying in Zimbabwe

Dairy production in tropical regions has a lot of potential for development, but it also has a lot of challenges. Smallholder dairy production systems are also heterogeneous around the world, with a diverse range of technological characteristics, socioeconomic circumstances, and institutional characteristics. Centered on a survey of 227 households from the Rusitu and Gokwe smallholder dairy projects in Zimbabwe, this chapter addresses large global issues of innovation domains. The researchers used a multivariate analysis approach and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to classify eight major components, and then used Cluster Analysis to identify five distinct innovation domains. Smallholder dairy farmers, smallholder dairy descendants, new and emerging producers, smallholder dairy pioneers, and industrial and market-oriented producers were among the innovation realms. According to the study, innovation domains with more involvement in smallholder dairy innovation networks had higher rates of dairy technology adoption (p 0.01). The net result has been higher reported annual dairy incomes, with total dairy gross incomes of USD4,726 for commercial and market-oriented producers compared to USD2,895 for all innovation domains. This has consequences for household socioeconomic well-being, capacity for reinvestment, and agricultural growth.

Author (s) Details

Dr. Benjamine Hanyani-Mlambo
Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, University of Zimbabwe, P.O.Box MP 167, Mt Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Prof. Maxwell Mudhara
College of Agriculture, Engineering and Science, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.

Dr. Simbarashe Tatsvarei
School of Agribusiness and Entrepreneurship, Marondera University of Agricultural Sciences and Technologies, Marondera, Zimbabwe.

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