Gingival Crevicular Blood- A Reliable Tool for Assessment of Blood Glucose Levels in Dental Office

The gingival crevicular blood (GCB) collected during routine periodontal probing could be used to measure blood glucose levels. The aim of this research was to compare glucometer measurements of gingival crevicular blood and fingerstick blood glucose to traditional laboratory methods.

Materials and Methods: The research group was divided into three parts. Thirty patients with periodontitis and positive probing bleeding were selected for the first category. A glucose self-monitoring system was used to test blood samples from two intraoral sites. A total of 50 diabetic and non-diabetic patients made up the second and third groups. The same instrument was used to measure fasting glucose levels in gingival crevicular blood (GCBG) and fasting capillary fingerstick blood (CFBG) samples after measuring fasting plasma glucose (FPG).

Results: There was a significant association between gingival crevicular blood glucose levels and capillary finger stick blood glucose levels (r= 0.93, p0.001). In both diabetic patients and the general population, there was a significant association (r=0.75, p0.001) between fasting gingival crevicular blood glucose and fasting blood glucose.

Conclusion: The blood collected during routine periodontal probing can clearly be used to estimate blood glucose levels. GCB may be used as a marker for glucometer blood glucose estimation. The method mentioned is effective, simple to use, and aids in increasing the frequency of diabetes screenings in dental offices.

Author (s) Details

Dr. Deepa Jatti Patil
Department of Oral Medicine, Diagnosis and Radiology, KM Shah Dental College &Hospital, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth Deemed to be University, Piparia, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.

Dr. Dhanyashri Kamalakkannan
Consultant Orthodontist, India.

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