Evaluating the Changes and Impacts of Heritage Building to Small Hotel Building: A Case Study of Bangkok Story Hostel

Adaptive reuse of old buildings converted into hotels has become increasingly common in Thailand, especially in Bangkok, over the last decade. AR-HB-hotel, an Adaptive Reuse Heritage Building converted to a Hotel Building, has a variety of consequences and impacts. There are proven requirements for major renovations, business investment, and determining the worth of heritage buildings, but no consideration has been given to the effect on the local community. The importance of heritage buildings is a major concern that we must recognise because they are worth saving. Heritage is valued for a number of reasons, including economic, political, cultural, spiritual, and aesthetic considerations. The aim is to investigate four aspects of the AR-HB-hotel: (1) physical, (2) economic, (3) value shifts, and (4) social consequences. A mixed qualitative and quantitative analysis was used in the research. The ‘Bangkok Story Hostel’ was chosen as an example of AR-HB-hotel. This small 3-story heritage hotel is located on Songward Street in Bangkok’s Sampanthawong district, in a traditional trading district. Secondary data, surveys, and in-depth interviews were used to gather information on the building’s past and project context, as well as physical and economic changes. In-depth interviews and questionnaires were used to gather information on value change and social effects. The findings revealed that the building’s physical, economic, and value improvements increased, while its social effect remained the same or decreased slightly less than before the renovation. Although the four main approaches for exploring physical, economic, value, and social issues, as well as the procedure used in this study, cannot be fully generalised to another case with a substantially different context, the four main approaches and the procedure used in this study may serve as a guideline for future studies of AR-HB-hotel changes and impacts.

Author (s) Details

Chotewit Pongsermpol
Faculty of Architecture, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang (KMITL), Bangkok, Thailand.

Prapatpong Upala
Faculty of Architecture, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang (KMITL), Bangkok, Thailand.

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