Direct observations of complex colloid properties and cell phase-transition behaviour, as well as observations of coherent behaviour, are now available. Since it is based on the untenable physics of diluted solutions with a ‘steady state non-equilibrium’ bioenergetics as a result, the still-dominant ‘membrane-pump-theory’ must be abandoned entirely, with all its repercussions. It should be replaced by a modern physiology based on colloidal physics that allows for coherent behaviour, a new “colloid-coherence” perspective with a “low-entropy driven equilibrium thermodynamic.” Fortunately, such a viewpoint already exists: G.N. Ling’s “association-induction theory” thoroughly elucidates it. This theory quantifies protoplasmic processes by gaining a better understanding of how protein, water, ions, and regulating ligand ensembles work together as functionally coherent ‘nano-protoplasmic units.’ This analysis is the first attempt to see whether this broad, well-formulated hypothesis holds true for DNA and RNA as well.
Author (s) Details
Department of Applied Engineering, Karel de Grote University College, Antwerp University Association, Antwerp, Belgium.
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