Health-Seeking Behaviour of Nigerian Rural Dwellers: Implications for Healthcare Professionals

Because of their cosmological and nosological notions, which ascribe the etiology of diseases and ill-health to forces well outside the realm of the stethoscope, Nigerian rural people engage in unhealthy health-seeking conduct. In Nigeria, a robust healthcare system must prioritize the 65 percent of rural citizens who are the poorest of the poor. The current analysis is being conducted in order to improve the health of rural residents by offering potentially valuable guidelines that will improve healthcare practitioners’ awareness of rural residents’ unique health-seeking behaviour, thus promoting successful patient-physician interactions and providing empirical support for sound health policy formulation. A manual literature and internet search (Google, Medline, Embase, HINARI, and Cochrane data bases) revealed that in the pluralistic medical milieu in which rural dwellers find themselves, the decision to seek healthcare, where to do so, and the type of care considered appropriate are all influenced by a variety of factors relating to the individual, the facility, and the socio-cultural environment. Religious values, the use of Traditional African Medicine (TAM), and the patients’ view of truth all have an effect on health-seeking behaviour. During consultation, therapeutics, and addressing emerging complications of TAM and ethical dilemmas, healthcare providers must pay attention to patients’ perceptions of disease and underpinning health values in order to effectively and successfully treat Nigerian rural patients. It is critical to improve rural infrastructure and conduct behavioral health promotion programs among rural residents, as well as formulate rational health policies and regulate TAM practice.

Author (s) Details

Godfrey B. S. Iyalomhe
Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, College of Medicine, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria.

Sarah I. Iyalomhe
Department of Public Health and Primary Healthcare, Central Hospital, Auchi, Nigeria.

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