Incidence of Urinary Tract Infection among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic at Federal Medical Centre, Bida, Niger-State, North Central Nigeria: A Retrospective Study

The aim of this study was to use the gold standard of culture to establish the bacteriological aetiology and incidence of Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs), as well as antibacterial susceptibility trends, among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics at the Federal Medical Centre in Bida, Niger-State.

Data from pregnant women who attended regular antenatal clinics between January 2010 and December 2012 were collected from the Medical Microbiology Department Registry. Mid-stream urine samples were obtained from 1242 pregnant women aged 15 to 54 years old.

Pregnant women suspected of having UTIs had their samples taken in sterile disposable universal bottles at their first antenatal appointment. The data was coded, computed, and analyzed using SPSS version 16.0, with p values of 0.05 considered statistically important.

Our analysis showed that 46.1 percent of 1242 pregnant women between the ages of 15 and 54 in this sample had a UTI, which was statistically significant (p = 0.046, with a mean age of 30.92 years and a standard deviation of 5.46). Escherichia coli was the most common uropathogen (60 percent), followed by Staphylococcus aureus (28.3 percent ). Nitrofurantoin and Gentamycin were both prone to Escherichia coli (61.4 percent and 51.5 percent, respectively).

Conclusion: This study found that 46.1 percent of urinary tract infections were caused by uropathogens, which is cause for concern among the general public. As a result, antenatal clinics should screen pregnant women for symptomatic or asymptomatic UTIs on a regular basis.

Author (s) Details

O. A. Akobi
Medical Microbiology Department, Federal Medical Centre, Bida, Niger-State, Poastal Code, Nigeria.

E. G. Emumwen
Medical Microbiology Department, Federal Medical Centre, Bida, Niger-State, Poastal Code, Nigeria.

P. O. Uyigue
Achiever University, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria.

E. C. Akobi
Nursing Department, Fedral Medical Centre, Bida, Niger State, Poastal Code, Nigeria.

S. O. Akinola
Oyo State Hospitals Management Board, Sectariat, Ibadan, Nigeria.

E. O. Uzoigwe
Medical Microbiology Department, Federal Medical Centre, Bida, Niger-State, Poastal Code, Nigeria.

E. F. Emumwen
Health Centre Clinic, Federal Polytechnic, Bida, Niger-State, Poastal Code, Nigeria.

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