Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) has been a global priority due to its negative impacts on the environment and human health if not adequately managed. MSW has been proven to be a resource on a global scale, and it has a significant potential in the field of conversion technologies. As a result, the goal of this research is to look at the enablers and hurdles to six various MSW management (MSWM) technologies that have been used in Bahrain, including Anaerobic Digestion (AD), Incineration, Pyrolysis, Gasification, Composting, and Re-fused Derived Fuel (RDF). Using a qualitative methodology “primarily semi-structured interviews” with experts and subsequently Thematic Analysis using nvivo12 software, this study gives significant information to decision and policy-makers for the processes of selection and deployment of MSWM technologies in Bahrain. The findings reveal that the key categories that enablers and barriers fall under are political (e.g. national waste management policy), technical (e.g. source segregation), managerial (e.g. capacity building), social (e.g. public awareness), economic (e.g. investment incentives), and environmental (e.g. air quality). The best strategy to manage trash in Bahrain is to focus on the principles of reducing, reuse, and recycling. As a beginning point, source segregation must be implemented. The study indicated that in order to be successful in the adoption of MSWM technology, the resulting barriers must be overcome. According to the experts, incineration is the greatest alternative for managing MSW because it has the fewest barriers and most enablers in Bahrain.
S. Y. Abbas
Department of Natural Recourses and Environment, Arabian Gulf University, Salmaniya, Manama, Bahrain.
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