Study on Floral Diversity, Composition and Structure in the Kimbi Fungom National Park, North West Region, Cameroon

The degree to which living forms differ within the setting of a particular ecosystem, biome, or entire planet is referred to as ecological diversity. This includes all plant, animal, and microbe species, as well as the environment and ecological processes to which they belong. In comparison to other Cameroon national parks, the Kimbi Fungom National Park is said to be less diversified. This could be owing to the landscape’s structure and habitat kinds. The primary goal of this research is to evaluate the species composition, structure, and diversity in the Kimbi Fungom National Park’s heterogeneous environment, which is distinguished by several habitat types. The park was divided into 20 blocks, with 10 of them being chosen at random for this flora survey. A 1 km line transect was established in each block with 5 quadrates of 20 x 20 m. These transects were designed to cut through four different types of vegetation (lowland rainforest, gallery forest, woodland and grassland savanna). A total of 2831 stems with a circumference of less than one centimetre were found and measured. There are 222 species in 54 families that this belongs to. The most common plant families were determined to be Fabaceae, Rubiaceae, and Euphorbiaceae. The grassland had the lowest tree density and basal area, while the lowland forest had the most. The composition and variety of species differed depending on the vegetation type and landscape arrangement. The Shannon diversity index of 3.8 and forest 3.75, respectively, showed that the lowland and gallery forest had high diversity and similar species composition. Three species were found to be endemic to Cameroon (Allophyllus bullatus, Cleistopholis staudtii, and Magnistipula butayei), while six species were found to be vulnerable (Afzelia africana, Afzelia bipindensis, Allophyllus bullatus, Entandrophragma angolense, Hallea stipulosa, Hallea stipulosa, To rescue this protected area from destruction, save its flora and fauna species from local extinction, and maintain a viable population size in the face of expanding anthropogenic activities, management and preservation methods, including local population and habitat regeneration, will be extremely beneficial.

Author(s) Details

Amos Fang Zeh
Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Sciences, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon.

Nkwatoh Athanasius Fuashi
Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Sciences, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon.

Melle Ekane Maurice
Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Sciences, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon.

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