The Intrinsic Chemistry of Melanin Modifies Radically Current Concepts about the Bioenergetics of Photosynthesis: A Review

Bioenergetics is the study of the continuous energy transformation in biological systems, according to biochemistry. Cell biology, biochemistry, and biophysics are all branches of this field. Bioenergetics is a branch of biochemistry concerned with energy transfer in living organisms and processes. So far, respiration, which is thought to be essential for the survival of plants and animals, has been explained as follows: a cell uses oxygen to break down molecules, and during this process, complex organic molecules are broken down into simpler inorganic compounds, releasing energy. The process of photosynthesis replenishes the complex organic molecules and oxygen needed for respiration and thus life. Sunlight is the only source of radiant energy that is always present in nature. As a result, this radiant energy is converted into chemical energy in photosynthesis, with oxygen emitted as a by-product. Only chlorophyll-containing plants and related pigments are theoretically capable of converting solar energy into photochemical energy. However, our discovery of melanin’s inherent ability to convert visible and invisible light into chemical energy through the dissociation of the water molecule disrupts old paradigms and ushers in new ones.

Author (s) Details

Arturo Solís Herrera
Centre of Studies in Photosynthesis in Humans, Aguascalientes 20000, México.

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