Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Utilization and Phytochemical Analysis of Baobab Tree (Adansonia digitata L.) in Zaria Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria

Traditional medicine encompasses a diverse range of remedies and practises that differ by culture and location. The medicinal use and phytochemical composition of the Baobab tree (Adansonia digitata L.) in Kaduna State’s Zaria Local Government Area were investigated. Each of the six (6) districts received twenty (20) surveys at random, for a total of one hundred and twenty questionnaires (120). Ninety (90) of them were found. The findings showed that plant parts (leaves, stems, bark, and seeds) can be utilised to cure and prevent diseases like tuberculosis, anaemia, malaria, and dysentery. diarrhoea; joint problems; anti-diabetic properties; fever; urinary infection, and so on. The most common method of herbal preparation (43.33 percent) is infusion. The leaves, bark, root, seeds, and fruits of the plants are all employed in the preparation of the herbs. The majority of herbal products are ingested in dried form. The respondents’ demographic characteristics were also investigated. Males made up 43.34 percent of the population, while females made up 42.34 percent (56.66 percent ). The majority of the respondents (43.33 percent) were between the ages of 31 and 40, and the majority (44.44 percent) were married, with the majority (37.78 percent) having a one to five-person household. The bulk of the responders (51.11 percent) are traditional healers, with 45.56 percent having a secondary education and 2.22 percent having no formal education. Because there were significant differences (p 0.05) between these phytochemicals and their plant parts, quantitative phytochemical analysis indicated the presence of tannins, alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenoids, saponins, and phenolic acid at varying amounts. The presence of many active substances in various portions of these plants explains their wide range of applications in the treatment of various diseases. However, given the rising interest in baobab products (particularly for medical purposes) and the plant’s slow development, research should be focused on how to develop a new cultivar with a rapid maturation period. In addition, the local populace, particularly the youngsters, should be educated and encouraged to learn more about traditional medicine so that it does not perish with the old folks. Although conventional medications’ high-tech procedures are particularly useful for emergency treatment, herbal therapies are better suited to coping with chronic illnesses.

Author (s) Details

A. I. Sodimu
Federal College of Forestry Mechanization, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, P.M.B. 2273, Afaka, Kaduna, Nigeria.

M. B. Usman
Federal College of Forestry Mechanization, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, P.M.B. 2273, Afaka, Kaduna, Nigeria.

J. Appah
Department of Biological Sciences, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria.

O. Osunsina
Federal College of Forestry Mechanization, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, P.M.B. 2273, Afaka, Kaduna, Nigeria.

R. A. Suleiman
Trial Afforestation Project, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Afaka, Kaduna, Nigeria.

S. Maikano
Federal College of Forestry Mechanization, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, P.M.B. 2273, Afaka, Kaduna, Nigeria.

L. G. Lapkat
Federal College of Forestry Mechanization, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, P.M.B. 2273, Afaka, Kaduna, Nigeria.

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