Analysis of Microbiological Quality of Drinking Water in Lalo Commune, Benin (West Africa)

Although drinking water is widely available in Benin, its quality poses a public health concern. Several artesian wells can be found in the district of Ahomadégbé in the commune of Lalo. Unfortunately, anthropogenic factors have a negative impact on the quality of drinking water in this area. The purpose of this study is to assess the microbiological quality of drinking water in the Ahomadégbé district and to reevaluate household water treatment methods used by the local population. To achieve these objectives Thirty-five water samples were collected at water collection points, along the water transportation system, and from water storage facilities, and microbiological parameters were measured. The qualitative nature of the research allowed for in-depth discussions with key interlocutors about endogenous techniques for treating water at home. The results analysis revealed a high level of microbiological pollution of drinking water in this district, particularly during the water transportation and storage stages, where microbiological pollution exceeds World Health Organization standards. Locals are familiar with a variety of household water treatment methods. However, due to their ineffective application, they continue to be less effective. Aside from improving the quality of the drinking water resource, it is critical to implement interventions relating to water treatment methods in local households.

Author (s) Details

Roch Christian Johnson
Laboratory of Hygiene, Sanitation, Toxicology and Environmental Health, Interfaculty Center of Training and Research in Environment for the Sustainable Development, University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Cotonou, Benin.

Gratien Boni
Laboratory of Hygiene, Sanitation, Toxicology and Environmental Health, Interfaculty Center of Training and Research in Environment for the Sustainable Development, University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Cotonou, Benin.

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