Behaviors, Knowledge and Practices of the Population of Ahomadégbé’s District (Municipality of Lalo) in Benin in Connection of Home Water Treatment Methods

Water is an essential resource for life. Access to improved water sources for households in Benin’s district of Ahomadégbé is not a problem because a large portion of the population has access to water. People, on the other hand, consume low-quality water as a result of microbiological contamination during transportation and storage. The goal of this study is to examine the behavior, Knowledge and practices of households relating to drinking water treatment methods in the district of Ahomadégbé, with the goal of proposing appropriate measures to improve drinking water quality. The questionnaire was used to approach 377 residents individually as part of this research, and 82 participants were organized into eight focus groups to understand the population’s behavior, knowledge, and practices. According to the findings, more than 65 percent of the borough’s population is aware of a specific process for treating water at home. However, they are limited in their use of these various water treatment methods, with only 6.1 percent of the population using at least one home water treatment method, even if this is not always appropriated. Alum (KAl(SO4)212 H2O, chemical decantation method), filtration on tissues, and boiling disinfection were the water treatment methods used by residents. Other methods of water treatment at home, such as the use of oil and cresol, are used by the populace, but they are ineffective. The general public is aware of water contamination during transportation and storage. However, the majority of residents polled do not treat their water before drinking it, and those who do use ineffective methods. As a result, households must be educated on effective and appropriate water treatment methods for their well-being.

Author (s) Details

Roch Christian Johnson
Laboratory of Hygiene, Sanitation, Toxicology and Environmental Health, Interfaculty Center of Training and Research in Environment for the Sustainable Development (CIFRED), University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Cotonou, Benin.

Gratien Boni
Laboratory of Hygiene, Sanitation, Toxicology and Environmental Health, Interfaculty Center of Training and Research in Environment for the Sustainable Development (CIFRED), University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Cotonou, Benin.

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