Ethno-veterinary Practices for Animal Health Management and the Associated Medicinal Plants from 24 Locations in 10 Indian States

Introduction: The goal of this chapter was to collect ethno-veterinary practices for the prevention and cure of animal health conditions and associated flora from healers and knowledgeable dairy farmers, as well as to quickly assess these practices for safety and efficacy. Methods: The animal health conditions are prioritized using participatory rural appraisal and matrix ranking. Using rapid assessment methodology, the documented formulations were quickly evaluated for safety and efficacy. Results: Local people used 248 species of plants belonging to 80 families for prevention and cure of animal health conditions. Out of 441 formulations using various plants, 353 are safe and efficacious. The majority of these medicinal plants belong to Leguminosae (27 species with 20 genera), Apiaceae (nine species), Cucurbitaceae (8 species), Euphorbiaceae (11 species) and Poaceae (14 species). Leaves are commonly used (34.42%) followed by roots, (11%), fruits (9.74%), seeds (8.76%), barks (8.76%, whole plant (3.57%) stem (3.25%) and rhizome (2.6%). Average expenditure incurred for A household’s animal health care cost Indian Rupees 726.00 for western veterinary treatment and Indian Rupees 42.4 for ethno-veterinary practices, saving Indian Rupees 684 per episode. Conclusion: There is a wealth of cost-effective conventional animal health information and services available in the community. Ethno-veterinary methods are a viable alternative to antibiotics and other chemical medicines in livestock management.

Author(s) Details

M. N. Balakrishnan Nair
Trans-Disciplinary University, School of Health Sciences, Veterinary Ayurveda Group, Bangalore-560106, Karnataka, India.

N. Punniamurthy
Trans-Disciplinary University, School of Health Sciences, Veterinary Ayurveda Group, Bangalore-560106, Karnataka, India.

S. K. Kumar
Trans-Disciplinary University, School of Health Sciences, Veterinary Ayurveda Group, Bangalore-560106, Karnataka, India.

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