A Real – time Optimizing Water Utilization Technique for Exactitude Agriculture Using WSN and GSM Module in Indian Agricultural Sectors

India is primarily an agricultural country. Our forefathers were completely reliant on agricultural harvesting. The agricultural sector is critical to the Indian economy, and irrigation is a major concern. Our work goal is to reduce water waste in the field by using drip irrigation and to provide precise field control by atomizing the agricultural environment using components and building the necessary hardware. Irrigation with the help of freshwater resources is critical in agricultural areas. Because of the ever-increasing demand for freshwater, automation technology and its associated apparatus, such as drip irrigation, sensors, and remote control, have enabled more efficient use of water resources.

Plant humidity and temperature are precisely monitored and controlled more efficiently using a real-time feedback control system. Drip irrigation keeps the water at a constant level, which allows the water to reach the roots drop by drop. The irrigation system operates valves by using an automated controller to turn them on and off. This enables the farmer to apply the appropriate amount of water at the appropriate time. regardless of the availability of labor to turn valves or motors ON and OFF This reduces runoff from saturated soils and helps to avoid irrigating at the wrong time of day. It improves crop performance and saves time in all aspects.

Various types of sensors were used to precisely monitor and control the agriculture field. The proposed system is implemented using an ARM LPC2148 Microcontroller. In this paper, an ARM LPC2148 Microcontroller-based drip irrigation mechanism is proposed, which is a real-time feedback control system for more efficiently monitoring and controlling all drip irrigation system activities. Coded signals are sent to the receiver. GSM communicates via SMS and serves as the link between the ARM processor and the centralized unit. GSM technology is used to notify the end user of the precise field condition. The drip irrigation method has been found to have a significant impact on resource conservation, cultivation costs, crop yield, and farm profitability.

Author (s) Details

Dr. Prathyusha. Kuncha
Department of E.C.E, NRI Institute of Technology, Pothavarappadu, Agiripalli(M), Vijayawada, A.P, India.

M. Chaitanya Suman
Department of E.C.E, Vignan’s Nirula Institute of Technology and Science for Women, Guntur, A.P, India.

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