The purpose of this research is to highlight the evaluative strategies associated with Biblical modes of speech and thought presentation. An eclectic pragma-stylistic analysis model is developed to test the validity of the hypotheses that the narrator almost always internally and/or externally evaluates the targeted modes of discourse, and that the reportive modes of speech and thought are evaluative in comparison to the quotative modes. The study concluded that different modes of speech and thought are used to construct narrative genres. These modes combine to form two types of interconnected discourse: quotative and reportive. Direct speech, free direct speech, direct thought, and free direct thought are the four modes that contribute to the occurrence of quotative discourse. When one of the reportive modes, such as indirect speech, free indirect speech, narrative report of speech act, narrator’s representation of voice, indirect thought, free indirect thought, narrative report of thought act, and internal narration, is used, reportive discourse occurs. The quotative and reportive modes are frequently evaluated by the Biblical narrator when used in the targeted Biblical discourse. This type of evaluation involves additional meanings and influences the reader’s interpretation of the represented speeches or thoughts. In comparison to quotative modes, Biblical reportive modes are frequently evaluative. Internal, external, and interactional evaluative strategies of the Biblical narrator all contribute to the occurrence of Biblical evaluative discourse of speech and thought presentation. It has been determined that different modes of speech and thought are used in the construction of narrative genres.
Author (S) Details
Prof. Dr. Riyadh T. K. Al-Ameedi
College of Education for Human Science, University of Babylon, Iraq.
Dr. Sadiq M. K. Al Shamiri
College of Education for Human Science, University of Babylon, Iraq
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