The Effect of Antrophogenic Noise on Anti-predator Activity of Sumatran Elephants at the Elephant Conservation Center

Noise anthropogenic effect on animals is caused by an increase in human activity around forest areas. This long-term effect may result in decreased behaviour as well as a negative impact on species composition and inter-species interactions. Sumatran elephants are a critically endangered species. The goal of this study is to see how noise affects the Sumatran elephant’s anti-predator behaviour, as well as the differences in behavioural responses dependent on noise exposure period. Sumatran elephants were observed at the Elephant Conservation Center Saree in Aceh Besar District. The method of observation was approach for animal focused sampling The chi square test was used to evaluate the data, with a significance threshold of 5%. The value of sig is 0.000 or less than 0.05, indicating that noise has an influence on anti-predator behaviour, according to the results of the chi-square test. The Sumatran elephants that were studied appeared to be more receptive to the dawn noise. Predator perceptions of prey can be hampered by noise, which is linked to increased energy expenditure. Visitors, motorised cars, and other voices from the surrounding region all contributed to tremendous noise, which had an impact on the welfare of captive animals.

Author (s) Details

Dr. Abdullah
Department of Biology Education, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia.

A. Shabrina,
Department of Biology Education, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia.

Dr. Khairil,
Department of Biology Education, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia.

M. Saputri
Department of Biology Education, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia.

D. Syafrianti
Department of Biology Education, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia.

N. Ala

Department of Biology Education, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/RRAB-V9/article/view/2013

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