Determination of Eruptive Fevers in the Infectious Diseases Department of Ouagadougou CHU-YO, Burkina Faso from 2005 to 2019

Infectious cutaneous diseases are a major public health issue in tropical environments. In the Infectious Diseases Department of CHU YO, describe the epidemiological, clinical, therapeutic, and evolutionary aspects of eruptive fevers. Patients and Procedures: The research took place at the Yalgado Ouedraogo University Hospital Center’s Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases. From January 1, 2005, to December 31, 2019, a descriptive retrospective analysis of cases of eruptive fever hospitalised in the department was conducted. Eruptive diseases were found to be prevalent in 5% of the population over the study period. Patients ranged in age from one to seventy-three years old on average. With a sex ratio of 1.4, the most represented age group was 01- 14 years old (53.1 percent). Only 27.2 percent of patients had had their measles vaccination. The most common syndrome was a combination of fever and cough (26.2 percent ). Maculopapular lesions were the most common elemental lesions (46.2%), followed by vesicular lesions (10 percent ). Measles (50.8 percent), herpes (19.2 percent), chickenpox (14.6 percent), HIV infection (6.3 percent), and meningitis were the most common pathologies involved (6.1 percent ). Hospitalization lasted an average of 7.5 days, with extremes of 1 and 26 days. The fatality rate was 4.6%. Conclusion: Measles and chickenpox are still causing outbreaks in Burkina Faso communities. It is critical to raise immunisation awareness against these febrile eruptive illnesses.

Author(s) Details

Dr. Savadogo Mamoudou
Department of Infectious Diseases, Yalgado Ouedraogo University Hospital, and UFR / SDS of Joseph Ki Zerbo University, Burkina Faso.

Diallo Ismaël
Internal Medicine Department, Yalgado Ouédraogo University Hospital, and UFR / SDS of Joseph Ki Zerbo University, Burkina Faso.

Sondo K. Apoline
Department of Infectious Diseases, Yalgado Ouedraogo University Hospital, and UFR / SDS of Joseph Ki Zerbo University, Burkina Faso.

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