Malaria in Children in Guediawaye, Senegal: A Retrospective Study

Despite Senegal’s efforts, malaria remains one of the leading causes of infant and child mortality. In Senegal, the epidemiological profile of malaria is linked to climatic conditions that can influence mosquito abundance and survival. The goal of this research is to describe the epidemiological, clinical, paraclinical, therapeutic, and evolutionary aspects of malaria in children in a pediatric ward at a Dakar hospital. Patients and Methods: This is a retrospective descriptive study with an analytical focus that took place in the pediatrics department of Roi Baudouin Hospital Center from January 1st, 2013 to December 31st, 2017, involving 259 children hospitalized for malaria. The frequency of hospitalization was estimated to be 7.7 percent during the period. The mean age was 82.9 months, with a median of 84 months, and the age range from one month to five years was the most representative (35.9 percent), with extremes ranging from one to 180 months. The majority of cases occurred in the fourth quarter of the year, with a high point in October (19.7 percent ). The most common clinical manifestation on admission was fever, which was found in 93.1 percent of cases. greater than On entry, 30.9 percent of the children displayed clinical signs of severity, with jaundice (37.5 percent ) leading the way, followed by disturbances of consciousness (29.0 percent ) and respiratory distress (29.0 percent ). (19.0 percent ). The majority of patients (80.3 percent) were treated with quinine, and overall progress was satisfactory, with a cure rate of 97.7 percent. A time to management of more than 7 days and the presence of co-infections were factors associated with death, with p values of 0.002 and 0.04 respectively.

Author (S) Details

Dr. A. Noubadoum
Department of Clinical Friendship, Dakar, Senegal.

J. B. Diouf
Department of Pediatrics, Roi Baudouin Hospital Center of Guediawaye, Dakar, Senegal.

N. M. Sougou
Departement of Public Health, Institute of Health and Development (ISED), Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar, Senegal.

P. Adomson
Departement of Medical and Social Centre, Barthimee, Thies, Senegal.

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