Development of Motor Coordination and Manual Response in Alpine Skiing Through Mental Training

The purpose of this research was to see how mental training changed athletes’ attention and motor response (skiers). The subjects studied range in age from 12 to 161. Athletes are members of school sports clubs’ ski groups. The experimental group includes athletes from Gheorgheni and Baia-Sprie, whereas the control group includes athletes from Topliţa, Sibiu, Predeal, and Sinaia. In this study, we looked at how mental training affected the increase in focused attention and physical reaction in skiers. Knocking the poles is a well-known alpine skiing technique. The ACRM (focused attention with manual response) test, which is designed specifically for alpine skiing, provides information on the ability to focus attention in activities with a set speed and a dynamic field of observations. The results of these tests were compared to those of the control group after the experimental group had undergone mental training. SPSS 15.0 was used to conduct the analysis. To determine if the (control and experimental) groups are similar before the intervention, we used ANOVA for the VP, EP, and EX pretest measurements to compare means between the groups of subjects. Mental imagery techniques are used to improve specific parts of alpine skiing technique that rely on hand-eye coordination. In addition, to see if the intervention had any effect, we calculated a t test for dependent samples, both pretest and posttest, for VP, EP, and EX. The results show a statistically significant difference in the scores for VP, EP, and EX after the intervention: p=.000 0.05 and p=.0010.05, respectively. It’s worth noticing the following markers among the results of this test: EP – perception accuracy = number of errors, VP – perception speed = number of omissions Focused attention, for example, equals correct answers /150+ incorrect responses. Conclusion: Based on the statistical significance of the results of the tests given to the groups in our study, it can be concluded that mental training through mental imagery enhanced the experimental group’s outcomes in focused attention and manual reaction. As evidenced by an analysis of competitions held in January 2015, these findings determine higher athletic performance in the groups analysed.

Author (s) Details

Emilia Florina Grosu
Department of Individual Sport, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, “Babeș – Bolyai University”, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

Vlad Teodor Grosu
Department of Mechatronics and Machine Dynamics, Faculty of Mechatronics, Technical University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

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