Leptospirosis in Pigs: A Silent Economic Drawback in Piggery Industry

The epidemiology of Leptospirosis in pigs is discussed in this chapter. Leptospirosis is a zoonotic illness spread over the world caused by the genus Leptospira. The disease is endemic to tropical areas and affects both wild and domestic animals, as well as humans. Pigs from intensively confined, free-range, and feral environments can become infected if they come into direct or indirect contact with infected reservoir host animal urine. Leptospirosis in pigs manifests itself in a variety of ways, ranging from asymptomatic to chronic, depending on the infecting serovar and the age of the animals. Pig productivity loss is linked to chronic manifestations such as placentitis, abortions, stillbirths, infertility, and poor neonatal pigs. Culture, molecular technique, and serology are among the laboratory tests used to diagnose leptospirosis. Tetracyclines, dihydrostreptomycin, streptomycin, doxycycline, and erythromycin are examples of antibiotics that can be used to treat the condition. Vaccination, water sanitation, rodent control, and farm hygiene are all leptospirosis control measures.

Author (s) Details

Machunda Ndazi
Department of Biosciences, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P.O.Box 3038, Morogoro, Tanzania.

Beda John Mwang’onde
Department of Biosciences, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P.O.Box 3038, Morogoro, Tanzania.

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