One of the main goals of this research is to demonstrate how chemical and biological reactions occur. These phenomenological events are first in the foreground since a substantial percentage of the energy transformations occurring via a reaction is always tied to changes in potential differences. Entropic changes, in addition to energetic changes, are also significant. The distinction between traded and produced entropy is highlighted in this section. In comparison to conversions of mechanical or electrical energy, the conversion of energy in chemical reactions into heat energy has a unique position because no forces are involved. The process can be described in a simplified way by using transport reactions through channels. It is demonstrated that heat is generated by energetic transition states, and that the generated heat causes a large rise in multiplicity. As a result, the reaction process is permitted to proceed. The conclusion is that, rather than a force, multiplicity dictates the direction and course of chemical and biological reactions.
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Marschweg 10, D 29690 Schwarmstedt, Germany.
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