Histopathological Evaluation of Endometrial Tissue in Abnormal Uterine Bleeding: A Recent Study

Background: Abnormal uterine bleeding can be caused by a number of conditions, and it is one of the most prevalent complaints that leads to endometrial sampling. It could be a natural physiological state, and just observation is necessary. Alternatively, the bleeding could be a symptom of a dangerous underlying illness that requires immediate attention.

Aim: To determine the varied patterns of endometrial curettings in abnormal uterine bleeding in different age groups and to evaluate the causes of abnormal uterine bleeding.

The research was carried out in the histopathology unit of the GMC Jammu Department of Pathology. All endometrial curettings and endometrial biopsy specimens obtained in the histology section were included in the study.

Results: Patients ranged in age from 14 to 75 years old. The age range 31-40 years had the highest number of cases in this study, with 188 cases (40.43 percent ). Secretory endometrium (170 instances) was the most prevalent pattern on histology, followed by proliferative endometrium (99 cases), endometrial hyperplasia (42 cases), and products of conception (27 cases). There were six cases of endometrial cancer and four occurrences of squamous cell carcinoma.

Conclusion: Endometrial tissue examined histopathologically in patients with atypical uterine bleeding reveals a wide range of alterations, ranging from normal endometrium during various hormonal cycles to cancer. As a result, it is a crucial diagnostic tool in the assessment of irregular uterine bleeding.

Author (S) Details

Ritu Bhagat
Demonstrator, Postgraduate Department of Pathology, GMC Jammu, India.

Chiterlekha Kundal
Demonstrator, Postgraduate Department of Pathology, GMC Jammu, India.

Subhash Bhardwaj
Demonstrator, Postgraduate Department of Pathology, GMC Jammu, India.

Vinod Kumar
Department of Medicine, GMC, Doda, India.

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