Smallholder farmers are frequently affected by climatic changes. In Nyaribari Chache Sub-County, Kisii County, this study sought to determine the extent of adoption of various organic and conventional crop and soil management practises in farms, as well as assess the contribution of Climate Smart Agricultural strategies on adaptation to climate change among small holder farmers. A transect was established through each of the eight randomly selected sub-locations in the sub county and ten farms were sampled at an equidistance of one kilometre. A total of 80 farms were chosen at random from the Sub-County. The eighty farms were divided into two categories: organic and conventional. statistical tests and descriptive statistics In conventional methods, pesticide use accounted for the maximum percentage (60%) whereas mulching accounted for a reasonably high percentage (42%) in organic approaches. In conventional methods, the use of plastic covers was reported at the lowest percentage of 4%, while vermicomposting was not included. Organic methods were 3.33 points higher than conventional methods (95 percent CI [-9.37596, 16.04263]). Organic and conventional agricultural methods had a strong and unfavourable relationship (r = -0.069, p > 0.05). Appendix 1[(iii)] shows that there was no statistically significant difference between conventional and organic procedures (t5 = 0.674, p > 0.05). CSAP Appendix 1 [iv (b)] shows that Smallholder Farmers adopted was statistically significant (p0.005). Appendix 1 [v (b)] shows that determinants of smallholder farmers’ choice of CSAP on adaptability to climatic fluctuations had a substantial impact on CSAP adoption (p0.005). Access to credit, insufficient extension services, poor education levels, and a lack of weather and climate statistics were the main roadblocks to CSAP adoption. These insights will help farmers and other stakeholders throughout the world enhance agricultural productivity. Farmers will be able to search for resources using this information. innovative solutions to the problem of extensive pesticide use in order to embrace organic farming for the agricultural sector’s long-term sustainability Farmers should also be exposed to extension services, and data on climatic variations should be distributed quickly so that educated decisions can be made.
Author (s) Details
Nyamwamu N. Charles
Department of Agriculture, Mawego Technical Training Institute, P.O.Box 289 Oyugis, Kenya.
Onkundi, B. Elizabeth
Department of Agricultural Education and Extension, Egerton University, P.O.Box 536, Njoro, Kenya.
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