Diabetes Mellitus and Myocardial Infarction: Correlation Among Based on a Study in a Tertiary Care Centre, India

Background: Diabetics have a greater death rate during the acute phase of a myocardial infarction (MI) and a higher post-infarction morbidity rate. The goal of this research was to find out how common diabetes is as a risk factor for acute myocardial infarction.

Methods: Each patient’s thorough demographic information was recorded, including age, gender, weight, BMI, blood pressure, smoking and drinking history, as well as past clinical and medical history. The patients’ blood was collected to determine random blood glucose and HbA1c values. On the second and fifth days of admission, fasting blood glucose levels were assessed.

The patients were on average 66 years old, with 63.5 percent being males and only 36.5 percent being females. Obese or overweight patients with high cholesterol and triglyceride levels comprised the majority of MI patients admitted to hospitals. Of the 104 patients, 59 (56.7%) did not have diabetes, while 29 (27.9%) were diabetics. During their stay in the hospital, 11 (10.6%) of them were diagnosed with diabetes.

Conclusions: For patients with and without diabetes mellitus, chronic and acute hyperglycemia associated with acute coronary syndromes, most notably acute myocardial infarction, is an independent and determining factor in outcome.

Author (S) Details

Debananda Sahoo
Department of General Medicine, KIMS, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Lalatendu Mohanty
Department of General Medicine, KIMS, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

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