Study of Clinical Implications of Variable Patterns of Major Arteries of Neck with Their Ontological Basis

Because arterial variations are widespread in different arteries throughout the body, a study of the External carotid artery was conducted to determine its variability. The external carotid artery is the major artery that supplies the structures of the neck and face. Variations in the branching pattern of the external carotid artery are critical surgically and radiologically for procedures conducted in that region. The purpose of this study was to investigate the external carotid artery’s branching pattern.

The external carotid artery was examined by dissecting the infra temporal fossa and the carotid triangle of the neck.

The common carotid artery separates near the top border of the thyroid cartilage lamina in most cases.

As observed in this study, the level of bifurcation of the common carotid artery can vary; it can form at a lower or higher level than its normal origin.

Some of the branches of the external carotid artery have various origins, such as the superior thyroid artery, facial artery, and lingual artery. The origin of the superior thyroid artery from the common carotid artery, a common trunk for the facial and lingual arteries, and several additional variations are among them. These were discovered in this research.

Conclusion: The many sources of the external carotid artery branches are important in thyroid, parotid gland, and tongue surgery, as well as head, neck, and face diagnostic operations.

Author (S) Details

Preeti Sonje
Dr D. Y. Patil Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, India.

Neelesh Kanasker
Dr D. Y. Patil Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, India.

P. Vatsalaswamy
Dr D. Y. Patil Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, India.

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