Study on Prevalence and Severity of Vitamin D Deficiency in Type 2 Diabetic Patients

Background: Because of the high toll of vascular consequences, the current global epidemic of diabetes mellitus is a severe health hazard. Vitamin D insufficiency, a growing epidemic, has a variety of effects on the pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus.

The study’s goals were to determine the prevalence and severity of vitamin D deficiency in people with type 2 diabetes, as well as the influence of hyperglycemia on serum vitamin D levels.

Methods: In this case-control study, 70 type 2 diabetic patients and 70 healthy people were used as cases and controls, respectively. All patients in this study underwent a thorough medical history, clinical examination, and regular laboratory testing. All participants were subjected to investigations. The data was analysed using statistical tests that were appropriate for the situation.

Results: Low vitamin D levels (including insufficiency and deficiency) were found in 18.57 percent of healthy controls and 84.29 percent of diabetics. The mean vitamin D level in cases was 25.737.27, compared to 34.555.17 in the healthy population (p value 0.05). Uncontrolled diabetic individuals are more likely to have vitamin D insufficiency. HbA1C and blood vitamin D levels had an inverse relationship (r = – 0.281, p value = 0.001).

Conclusions: Vitamin D insufficiency is more common in diabetes individuals than in the general population. All patients with type 2 diabetes should have their serum vitamin D levels checked, and if found insufficient, vitamin D supplements should be taken as soon as possible to help control hyperglycemia.

Author (S) Details

Hetal Pandya
Department of Medicine, Dhiraj Hospital, SBKS Medical Institute and Research Centre, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.

Dipesh Patel
Department of Medicine, Dhiraj Hospital, SBKS Medical Institute and Research Centre, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.

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