A Study on Coronavirus and Nigerian Population; the Realities with Medical Laboratory Services

The pandemic of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) has posed a challenge to the health systems of nations with advanced technologies and those with little or no technology in medical laboratory services, such as Nigeria. The goal of containing the pandemic is critical, and including a medical laboratory component is critical to bringing COVID-19 to an end. Between February 2020 and April 2021, the medical laboratory services improved from 5 to 78 centres, which is impressive. Using the 2016 National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) population number and the Nigeria Center for Disease Control, this chapter investigated laboratory services in Nigeria in relation to the population. COVID-19 fact sheet from the National Center for Health Statistics, dated May 2, 2021. In terms of population, number of tests, and COVID-19 cases, the data shows that the federal capital territory (FCT) of Abuja, not Lagos, is the epicentre of COVID-19. In Nigeria, the COVID-19 cases may be skewed due to the availability of medical laboratory services. The reality is that, as of May 2021, fewer than 1% of Nigeria’s existing population has been tested for COVID-19. As a result, it is recommended that medical laboratory services be extended to all Nigerian local government areas, beginning with Cross River, Jigawa, Kano, and Kogi states, which are still behind in terms of testing.

Author (S) Details

Uchejeso Mark Obeta
Federal School of Medical Laboratory Science, Jos, Nigeria.

Obiora Reginald Ejinaka
Federal School of Medical Laboratory Science, Jos, Nigeria.

Nkereuwem Sunday Etukudoh
Federal School of Medical Laboratory Science, Jos, Nigeria.

Chinaza Reginald Ikeagwulonu
Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria.

Ejiofor Christopher Agbo
Federal Medical Centre Umuahia, Nigeria.

Ishaya Rinpan Jwanse
Health and Development Support Programme (HANDS), Jos, Nigeria.

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