Study on Sex Differentiation by Foot Measurements in North Indian Population

Background: Forensic professionals have always had a difficult time identifying victims from mangled and disfigured human remains. This dilemma arises in situations such as mass disasters, explosions, and assaults, where the body is mutilated and determining an individual’s identification is difficult. Because distinct components of the human body grow in proportion to one another, the relationship between them is plainly discernible. Differentiation on the basis of sex, using the foot index as a criterion, aids in identification greatly.

The purpose of this study is to determine if there is a relationship between foot dimensions in both sexes in the north Indian population.

Materials and Methods: The Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, HIMS, SRHU, Dehradun, conducted a cross-sectional observational study on 198 people (99 males and 99 females) over the age of 17 years. A sliding vernier calliper was used to determine the length and width of the foot. The data was collected, evaluated, and statistically analysed using a social science statistical software (SPSS).

Observations & Findings: Females had a right foot index of 39.5620 2.99377 while males had a right foot index of 38.286 2.86062. Females had a left foot index of 39.1384 2.21771 and males had a left foot index of 38.0241 2.61031. The Foot Index showed an upward trend.

In comparison to females, males have a longer and wider foot. Because there is a statistically significant difference in this measurement between the sexes, these foot measurements have become an important aspect of identification, assisting law enforcement authorities.

Author (S) Details

Rattan Singh
Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Bathinda, Punjab – 151001, India.

Ridhima Aggarwal
Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Swami Rama Himalayan University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.

Mansi Bansal
Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Swami Rama Himalayan University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.

Jyoti Barwa
Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Bathinda, Punjab – 151001, India.

Sanjoy Das
Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Swami Rama Himalayan University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.

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