Techno-Economic Analysis of Retrofitted Electric Coaster Introduction in University Campus

Green transportation focuses on resource economy and effectiveness, which results in a lower carbon footprint and a healthier environment for the country by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The final solution may be promising new technology, but innovation will only happen if society plays a key role in the development of electric vehicles that reduce carbon emissions. Understanding how markets work to save fuel is essential for designing effective and cheap policies that enable the development of low-carbon technologies in line with political objectives. The purpose of this study is to build a 14-seat all-electric mini-coaster by retrofitting a diesel Mercedes-Benz Van with a 15-kWh lithium-iron-phosphate battery (LiFePO4). An AC induction motor with a max power of 60 kW and torque of 150 Nm drives the coaster. As an auxiliary battery, a 3.44 kWh lithium battery is used to power the battery cooling system and the passenger compartment cooling system. The coaster can travel 40 kilometres on a single fully charged battery. Depending on Malaysian fuel rates, the coaster’s power consumption is 340 Wh/km [cost USD 0.025 (RM0.12) per kilometre]. When powered by a battery, the coaster’s real operating costs are RM144 per month, and RM600 per month when powered by an internal combustion engine. As a result, both the International Islamic University of Malaysia (IIUM) and the environment gain from the cost-effective electric mini-coater.

Author (S) Details

Ataur Rahman
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kulliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, 50728 KL, Malaysia.

Sany Izan Ihsan
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kulliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, 50728 KL, Malaysia.

Ahmed Faris Ismail
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kulliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, 50728 KL, Malaysia.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/NAER-V13/article/view/3495

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