A Preliminary Clinical Observation on Breast Implants and Sarcopenia with Fat Degeneration of the Pectoralis Major Muscle

Breast augmentation with implants is one of the most commonly performed cosmetic surgery treatments in the world. Despite its widespread popularity, this technique has a number of drawbacks that may necessitate a revision, replacement, or deposit of the implants.

The goal of this study is to present a new breast implant-related complication and to speculate on an ethiopathogeny association that may be nested with some fat degeneration issues and sarcopenia in the human body.

Methods: While replacing implants with capsular contracture, the author observed a thinning of the pectoralis major muscle, embrittlement of its fibres, and discoloration and yellowness of its corpus. Data was collected and discussed after histopathology specimens were evaluated, photographed, and data was obtained.

Biopsies were taken from the pectoralis major muscle, which revealed fatty degeneration as well as atrophy and sarcopenia. The most obvious reason, according to the author, was implant weight and mechanical strain on the fibres, which caused cellular stress and a distortion in the aggressed tissue’s regenerating process.

Conclusion: A new breast implant-related problem was described. More research is needed, according to the author, in order to extrapolate this theory to explain the ethiopathogeny of some classic fatty degeneration processes and sarcopenia observed in various human tissues.

Author (S) Details

Bouraoui Kotti
Manar II University, Faculty of Medicine of Tunis, Tunisia.

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