A Descriptive Cross-sectional Study on Diet and Women Fertility

The purpose of this study was to see how diet and eating habits affect women’s fertility.

Materials and Procedures: This research was carried out in Baghdad’s seven distinct institutes and hospitals between January and September 2014. The participants were divided into two groups of 400 adult women ranging in age from 17 to 47 years. In group I, there were 300 fertile women and 100 infertile women. For data collection, a special questionnaire was created and employed.

The infertile and control groups were found to have a substantial difference in weight and body mass index (BMI). The average weights of the infertile and control groups were 73.07 kg and 69.06 kg, respectively, with a mean BMI of 28.83 kg and 26.70 kg for the infertile and control groups, respectively. Infertile women also drank more carbonated beverages, tea, chicken, and fish than the control group, while eating less milk and red meat. In addition, the infertile group consumed less corn oil and olive oil than the control group (5 and 0% vs. 21 and 2%, respectively), but consumed more solid fat and mixed fat (2 and 6 percent vs 0 and 2.7 percent , respectively).

Conclusion: While there are treatments for infertility, their high cost and high frequency of side effects have led researchers to investigate dietary factors that may contribute to infertility. The link between weight, BMI, and infertility was verified in this investigation. Diet was identified as one of the modifiable risk factors that may affect fertility in the current study’s selected groups; as a result, it is critical to place a greater emphasis on the role of diet in women’s fertility and raise women’s awareness of it, as well as suggesting more educational programmes at the primary health care level.

Author (S) Details

Hayder G. Oufi
Department of Pharmacy, National University of Science and Technology, Dhi Qar, Iraq.

Ruaa E. Alabd
Department of Family Medicine, Al-Zawiya Primary Health Care Center, Al-Rusafa Health Directorate, Baghdad, Iraq.

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