Determining the Seroprevalence of HIV Infection among Tuberculosis Patients in a Tertiary Care Hospital

Introduction: The most potent risk factor for tuberculosis advancement is the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (TB). The need of HIV surveillance among TB patients has been acknowledged, as the HIV epidemic continues to feed the TB epidemic. The connection is bidirectional and synergistic in people who have both HIV and TB. The goal of this study was to find out how common HIV infection was among tuberculosis patients in a tertiary care hospital.

Method: HIV antibodies were tested according to National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) recommendations in a one-year study of 4500 confirmed tuberculosis patients. The results revealed that 244 (5.42%) of the 4500 patients tested positive for HIV. Co-infection was most common among persons aged 35 to 50 years, with a male to female ratio of 2.34 (171/73).

Conclusion: HIV seroprevalence was determined to be 5.42 percent in tuberculosis patients in the current study. Patients with tuberculosis who are diagnosed with HIV early will have easier access to care and treatment, including antiretroviral therapy (ART). The number of deaths and illnesses among HIV-TB co-infected people will be reduced as a result of this.

Author (S) Details

Dipa M. Kinariwala
B. J. Medical College, C-33, Bhadreshwar flats, Near Ankur Bus stop, Naranpura, Ahmedabad, Gujarat – 380013, India.

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