The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence and causes of burnout among health care professionals (HCPs) in four Saudi Arabian hospitals.
Burnout is a mental disease induced by the breakdown of coping mechanisms used to deal with work stress as a result of extended exposure to psychological elements. Employees, patients, and healthcare systems could all be affected by burnout. Since the 1980s, burnout has been connected to indices of personal distress, such as physical exhaustion, insomnia, a rise in marriage and family issues, and even an increase in the use of alcohol and other drugs.
The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey was used as the basis for our research (MBI-HSS). Emotional Execution (EE), Depersonalization (DP), Low Personal Accomplishment (PA), and Involvement are the four components of burnout assessed. For the medicine subgroup, the total score was determined using procedure 1 from the Maslach Burnout Inventory, 4th edition.
The study’s key findings suggest that doctors and nurses are at the greatest risk of burnout, and that burnout is more common among those who work in emergency rooms and inpatient wards. Saudi and married physicians were more likely to describe emotional execution and poor involvement in their work, whereas young and inexperienced nurses were more likely to report emotional execution and low involvement in their work. In addition, the study revealed that doctors and men were unable to use adaptive stress-coping mechanisms.
Conclusion: The study stressed the relevance of work environment elements and suggested that in public hospitals, a lack of participation in work is a concerning predictor of burnout. With a coaching leadership style that includes instructional and emotional support, hospital management could consider reducing challenging responsibilities and increasing rewards.
Department of Health and Hospital Administration, College of Business Administration, King Saud University, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
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