A Review of Benign Subcutaneous Emphysema Following Knee Arthroscopy
Describe patients who develop subcutaneous edoema following knee arthroscopy.
Methods: Personal experience with a published case, as well as searches of “subcutaneous edoema” and “arthroscopy” in PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science.
Results: Of the 11 cases, four were due to arthroscopic operation errors, and two were due to non-healing wounds. Edema might be found anywhere from the chest wall to the foot, and it emerged many days after the arthroscopy. Except in one case where a fasciotomy was performed and another where an arthrotomy was performed, the patients appeared well and did not want therapy for gas gangrene. The recovery time was 2 to 3 weeks, with no lasting effects on the operated knee. Subcutaneous edoema is more common after shoulder arthroscopy than knee arthroscopy, and it can potentially compromise hip and elbow arthroscopy.
Conclusion: Subcutaneous edoema is a rare but serious complication of knee arthroscopy that has a good prognosis.
Author (S) Details
Robert W. Ike
Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Rheumatology; University of Michigan, 1611 Harbal Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48105-18155, USA.
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